20th Century Fox Logo – Twentieth (20th) Century Fox is the short name of the Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation is one of the major movie studios, located in the area of Century City in Los Angeles (California), USA, just west of Beverly Hills. This study is a subsidiary of News Corporation, the media conglomerate controlled by Rupert Murdoch.
The company was founded by William Fox in 1915 as Fox Film Corporation. William Fox, was a pioneer in the creation of chains of movie theaters, began producing films in 1914 and in 1917 achieved success by providing a sense of silent films, Theda Bara. It was more a businessman than a showman, Fox concentrated on acquiring and building theaters, the movies you were secondary. When sound came to movies, Fox acquired the rights of a German process for sound-on-film called “Movietone” in 1926 began offering music recordings projections and effects. The following year began to “Fox Movietone News,” a weekly news presentation that was presented to 1963. The growing company needed space, and in 1926 Fox acquired three hundred acres in a vacant lot west of Beverly Hills where he built “Movietone City”, the best equipped studio of its time.
When rival Marcus Loew died in 1927, Fox attempted to buy the properties of the family, Loew’s Inc., which controlled more than two hundred rooms as well as studio MGM . When the family agreed to sell the merger of Fox and Loew’s Inc. was announced in 1929. But MGM studio head Louis B. Mayer, who was not included in the deal, refused, using political connections, called the antitrust unit of the Department of Justice to block the merger. With the fortune favoring Mayer in a curious way, Fox suffered a car accident, and when he recovered, the stock market crash of 1929 had taken most of his fortune, and ended his long-awaited merger.
Expanded excessively, and close to bankruptcy, Fox was stripped of his empire. Fox Film Corporation, with over five hundred rooms, was put into receivership, reorganization regulated by the bank seized the company for a while, but it was clear that a merger was the only alternative for the corporation could survive.
At Warner Brothers, the production manager Darryl Zanuck was in a fierce fight for the money, the hard fist of Warner had reduced costs by lowering wages pressure. When Zanuck requested full payment, refused and resigned. Days later he announced the creation of a new company, Twentieth Century Pictures, in association with Joseph Schenck, president of United Artists. It started operations in mid-1933, debuting four to six films a year through United Artists, Twentieth Century was a success, partly due to the financial support of LB Mayer and Nicholas Schenck, the brother of Joseph and director of Loew’s Inc.
Two years later, Joseph Schenk and head of Fox Films agreed to a merger decision, Zanuck went to production manager and Schenk as chief executive. Observers of the mouse-elephant combination expected that the new company took the name “Fox-Twentieth Century.” But, taking the name from Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, the new company was established in December 28, 1934.
In addition to a theater chain and a first-class study with a large adjacent land, Zanuck and Schenck had the impression that there was not much value in the company of Fox Films. The study’s biggest star, Will Rogers, died in a plane crash weeks after the merger. Its most dominant female star, Janet Gaybor, was falling in popularity. The most important male promises, James Dunn and Spencer Tracy were fired for his excessive drinking. Zanuck hastily hired young actors who held the company for years: Tyrone Power, Don Ameche, Henry Fonda, the skater Sonja Henie and Betty Grable. And on the payroll he found two artists who build big profits, Alice Faye and seven-year-old Shirley Temple. Zanuck was a friend of Marilyn Monroe, actress of the Fox and actress her most memorable. In 2006 he was convicted for damages green on the island of Phi Phi and got a ruling in favor of justice to override without editing content directly from their series, shows and movies that are in the best-known Internet video.