Stanford University Logo – The Leland Stanford Junior University ( Leland Stanford Junior University in English ), known as Stanford University , located in Palo Alto ( California ), is a private university, considered one of the most prestigious in the United States and the world. It is located about 56 km southeast of San Francisco , on the grounds of Santa Clara County adjacent to the city of Palo Alto . The university is therefore in the geographical and historical heart of Silicon Valley .
Stanford was founded by tycoon rail and California Governor Leland Stanford and his wife, Jane Stanford . It was named after her only child, Leland Stanford Jr. , who died of typhoid fever in his teens. Locally known as La Granja ( The Farm ), because the university is located in what was the horse-breeding farm of Leland Stanford. The university opened its doors officially on October 1 of 1891 , a total of 559 students and 15 teachers, seven of which came from Cornell University . Originally it was not charged for instruction, and although the teaching was mixed, the number of women enrolled was limited for several years. More