Copyright Logo – The copyright is a set of legal rules and principles governing moral rights and property that the law grants to the authors (the copyright ), by the mere fact of creating a work literary , artistic , musical , scientific or didactic, is published or unpublished. Is recognized as one of the fundamental human rights in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights . In the common law uses the notion of copyright (literally translated as “copyright”) which, generally, comprises the assets of copyright ( economic rights ).
A work falls into the public domain when the economic rights have expired. This is usually a period elapsed since the death of the author ( post mortem auctoris ). The minimum term, worldwide, is 50 years and is established in the Berne Convention . Many countries have extended that term broadly. For example, in European law , is 70 years since the death of the author. Once this time, this work can then be used freely, respecting the moral rights .
Copyright and copyright are two conceptions of property literature and art. The first comes from the family of civil law , particularly the French law , while the second comes from common law (or common law ). The copyright is based on the idea of a personal right of the author , based on a form of identity between the author and his creation. The moral law is constituted as an emanation of the author’s person: he recognizes that the work is an expression of the author’s person and thus protects you. The protection of copyright is strictly limited to the work, regardless of the author’s moral attributes in relation to his work, except paternity, not an author considers it proper, but has rights that determine patterns of use of a work.