MIT University Logo – The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is an institution of higher education located in private Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States). MIT is divided into 6 schools and colleges that include a total of 32 academic departments, with a strong emphasis on scientific and technological research, which makes it one of the leading universities of the United States devoted to teaching and research in science, engineering and economics.
The engineering school is recognized as the best in the U.S. and the world by U.S. News & World Report. MIT was ranked worldwide as the best in technology by Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings. The Institute has 76 Nobel laureates among its alumni and faculty (counting only those whose relationship with MIT has exceeded the year-long. If all were included, would be 80). Admission to MIT is extremely competitive, and has been classified by The Atlantic Monthly and other publications as the most selective college in the United States.
MIT was founded in 1861 by the geologist William Barton Rogers, who wanted to create a new kind of independent educational institution devoted to the growing industrialization of the United States. The opening of school was delayed by the Civil War in the United States, and admitted its first students in 1865. In the following years, he established a premier reputation in science and engineering, but fell into financial difficulties. These two factors made a favorable idea of merging with Harvard University, who had much money, but had deficiencies in science compared with those letters and liberal arts. In 1904 President Henry S. Pritchett met with Charles W. Eliot, president of Harvard for fusion. But eventually the protests of the students was canceled.