Oakland Raiders Logo – The Oakland Raiders is a team of football practitioner based in the city of Oakland, California. Currently playing in the Western Division of the American Football Conference (AFC) in the National Football League (NFL). The Raiders began play in 1960 as the eighth member of the old American Football League (AFL), where they won a championship and three division titles. The team joined the NFL in 1970 as part of the merger of the AFL-NFL. Since joining the NFL, the Raiders have won twelve division titles and three Super Bowls, and have participated in two Super Bowls. The team has thirteen members enshrined in the Hall of Fame (Pro Football Hall of Fame).
During his first three seasons, the Raiders had problems on and off the field. In 1963, Al Davis was brought to the team as Head Coach and General Manager. Davis turned the Raiders into winners once, and from 1963 to 2002 the team had only seven seasons with a negative balance. He also initiated the use of slogans such as team “Pride and Poise,” “Commitment to Excellence,” and “Just Win, Baby”-all of which are trademarks. Except for a brief stage as Commissioner of the AFL in 1966, Davis has been continuously with the team. On his return to Oakland in 1966, became manager of the franchise partner.
After a few years of legal battles, Davis moved the team from Oakland to Los Angeles, California in 1982. While they were in Los Angeles, the Raiders won their third Super Bowl, but did just participated twice in the playoffs in the rest of the eighties. In 1995, Davis moved the team back to Oakland. In 2000, head coach Jon Gruden led Oakland to their first division title since 1990. With head coach Bill Callahan, Oakland faced the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, led by Gruden in Super Bowl XXXVII, where they lost with a hefty 48-21. Since losing, the Raiders have had five consecutive losing seasons. In January 2007, the team hired Lane Kiffin , 31 years old, their fourth coach since Gruden’s departure in 2002.