University of Cambridge Logo – The University of Cambridge is the second university in English-speaking oldest after Oxford . According to history , the University of Cambridge in England , was founded in 1209 by scholars who fled from Oxford , after a scuffle with officers of the city. King Henry III of England granted the monopoly of education in that place in 1231 . Together with the University of Oxford , the University of Cambridge as a large number of the leading scientists , writers and politicians of Great Britain . Both institutions are collectively known by the name of Oxbridge and are members of the Russell Group .
The thirty-one colleges that make up the university are separate and independent institutions of the university, enjoying a large degree of autonomy. The college oldest is Peterhouse , founded in 1284 by Hugh Balsham, Bishop of Ely . The second college was older King’s Hall, founded in 1317 , but no longer exists as an independent institution. Many colleges were founded in the centuries XIV and XV . Below is a list of all colleges that currently make up the university. However, some of them as Michaelhouse (which joined King’s Hall to make Trinity , by order of King Henry VII ) and Gonville Hall no longer exist. More