Toshiba Logo – Toshiba is a leading Japanese engaged in the manufacture of aircraft electrical and electronic based in Tokyo . Ranked 7th in the list of major global companies in their field. Toshiba currently holds the 5th position worldwide in sales of laptop computers, with 5.2% of global sales. During the 2000-01 marketing year the company had a turnover of 5,951,357 million yen and net profit of ¥ 96,168,000,000. 188,042 employees work for Toshiba (2001).
In 1876 Tanaka Hisashige started a business making parts for telegraph with the name of Tanaka Seizo-sho. On the other hand, in 1890 founded the company Hakunetsu-sha, a pioneer in the field of electric lamps in Japan and in 1890 changed its name to Tokyo Denki. In 1904, the company of Mr. Tanaka, Shibaura Seisaku renamed-sho, was a leader in the manufacture of electrical appliances. Finally in 1939 the two companies merge to form Tokyo Shibaura Denki (Tokyo Electric Company), but people soon began to call it To-Shiba, until 1978 formally adopted the name Toshiba.
The group expanded strongly, both by internal growth and acquisitions, engineering companies and absorbing primary industry in the years 1940 and 1950 , resulting in subsidiary companies from the 1970s as Toshiba EMI ( 1960 ), Toshiba Electrical Equipment (Toshiba Electrical Equipment) ( 1974 ), Toshiba Chemical (Chemistry of Toshiba) ( 1974 ), Toshiba Lighting and Technology (Toshiba Lighting and Technology) ( 1989 ) and Toshiba Carrier Corporation (Toshiba Corporation Transport) ( 1999 ).
The company in the years 1957 to 1962 sold 356 electric cars for the railway Mitre and Sarmiento of Argentina to replace the aging fleet of cars from England. The company was resposable some Japanese firsts, including radar ( 1942 ), the TAC ( 1954 ) TV of transistors and microwave oven ( 1959 ), videophone in color ( 1971 ), the Japanese word processor ( 1978 ), the system MRI ( 1982 ), laptop ( 1982 ) Being the first that Osboune ( Epson HX-20 ) and the world’s first commercially-, NAND EEPROM ( 1991 ) DVD ( 1995 ), and the Libretto ( 1996 ).
In 1987 she was accused of the charges of illegal sale of milling machines used to produce computer propellers for submarines extremely quiet to the Soviet Union , thus violating the treaty CoCom ( Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls , the Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Control) approved during the Cold War . This incident cooled commercial relations between the United States and Japan , and ended with the arrest of two key executives of the company as well as the imposition of sanctions by both countries.
Before World War II , Toshiba was a member of the Mitsui zaibatsu (lit. conglomerate ). Today, Toshiba is part of the keiretsu Mitsui ( multinational ), and still has preferential arrangements with Mitsui Bank and other members of the keiretsu. Belong to a keiretsu means loyalty, both corporate and private, the other members of the keiretsu or its allies. This loyalty extends even to the beer that workers take, which in the case of Toshiba is the Asahi .