Unesco Logo – The Organization of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations. Founded on November 16 of 1945 with the aim of contributing to peace and security in the world through education, science, culture and communications. The constitution signed that day came into force on 4 November of 1946, ratified by twenty countries is based in Paris, and its current CEO is Irina Bokova, a national of Bulgaria. UNESCO has 195 Member States and 8 associate members.
It is dedicated to guiding people in a more effective management of their own development through natural resources and cultural values, and in order to modernize and advance to the nations of the world, without thereby miss the identity and cultural diversity. Unesco has a vocation pacifist, and among many things is directed more particularly to support literacy. In education, the agency gives priority to the achievement of elementary education adapted to current needs. Collaborate with teacher training, family planners and housing, educational administrators and encourages the building of schools and provision of equipment necessary for operation.
Cultural activities seek to safeguard the cultural heritage by encouraging the creation and creativity and the preservation of cultural institutions and oral traditions and the promotion of books and reading. In terms of information, UNESCO promotes the free flow of ideas by media, promotes press freedom and independence, pluralism and diversity of the media, via the International Programme for the Promotion of Communication.