University of California Logo – The University of California, Berkeley (also known as Cal , University of California , UC Berkeley , or simply Berkeley ) is a coeducational public university located in Berkeley , California . Is the matrix and the oldest of the campus of the University of California . Is recognized as the number one public university in the United States and worldwide. It is commonly confused by phonetic similarity with Berklee College of Music in Boston. Each year, more than 8,500 students receive a certificate, whether 5,500 degrees, 2,000 masters, 900 doctoral degrees and 200 doctorates in law.
In 1866 the property which is located the university was bought by Henry Durant in his goal of building a private school. Given the financial problems of Durant, he accepted the intrusion of the state of California. The result of such action was the union’s initial project with a public school that the government had promoted. In this mix came the university as it is known. The university received worldwide attention for the first time during the early and mid twentieth century, when it experienced a golden age in the physical sciences, chemical and biological weapons. Some of the most astonishing discoveries associated with the campus at that time were the discovery of fourteen chemical elements heavier than uranium and isolation of polonium . The head of the Manhattan Project , J. Robert Oppenheimer , was a professor of physics at Berkeley. Recent discoveries include the development of key technologies associated with the internet and the movement of free online software (open source).
Also, the eminent jurist and scientific law , Hans Kelsen , father of the Pure Theory of Law , was head of the department of political science at the University. In 1952 the university obtained a level of autonomy of the Central Committee of the University of California. This partial independence was also given to other universities in the system. Because thoughts cambiarion moral and political landscape of the 60 as were the Free Speech Movement and the opposition to the Vietnam War , the University gained a reputation that became the center of the left most famous American university. He is recognized in the U.S. culturally for his activism, leftist and avant-garde.
Prominent people have visited to give lectures or courses, as Martin Luther King, Jr. , Daniel Ellsberg , documentarian Michael Moore or Robert Reich , (Minister of Labour in the government of Bill Clinton ) and former President of Chile , Ricardo Lagos . Has had several Nobel prizes in their faculty, as Czesław Miłosz or Glenn Seaborg . On May 2, 2007 Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter attended the University signing autographs and then lectured for two hours.