US Navy Logo – The Army or Navy of the United States (United States Navy), also known as USN or U.S. Navy, is a branch of the Armed Forces of the United States responsible for carrying out operations naval. Its main function is to “maintain, train and equip for combat naval forces capable of achieving the victory of the war, responding to aggression and maintaining freedom of the seas”. As of May 2010, the Navy has 330,729 troops to 102,923 active and reserve, has 289 ships and over 3,500 aircraft.
The Navy has its origins in the Continental Army, which was established after the Revolutionary War and was disbanded shortly thereafter. The constitution is the legal basis for providing a “Force of the Seas”, giving Congress the power to “create and maintain a navy.” The attacks on U.S. ships by pirates of Barbary forced Congress to use this power ordering the construction of six frigates. The USN entered the world stage in the twentieth century, especially during World War II. This was part of the conflict as an improvement to flaunt U.S. Army-The attack on Pearl Harbor – the official surrender of Japan on the USS Missouri. The United States had other subsequent conflict, the Cold War, which was improved for possible nuclear war with the Soviet Union.
The Armed Forces of the XXI century holds great importance in today’s world, such as in parts of Eastern Asia, Southern Europe and Middle East. His ability to power projection in littoral regions around the world, improved during peacetime, and its rapid response to regional crises makes it an active participant in the defense of the United States. The U.S. Navy is the largest in the world with a tonnage greater than that of the next 17 armed and has a budget of $ 127.3 billion dollars for fiscal year 2007.
The Navy reports administratively to the Department of the Navy, headed by the Secretary of the Navy civilian. The Department of the Navy is a division of the Department of Defense headed by the Secretary of Defense. The most senior of the Navy is the Chief of Naval Operations.