Nortel Logo — Nortel Networks Corporation formerly known as Northern Telecom Limited and abbreviated as Nortel, is a multinational company that produces hardware, software and services for telecommunications. It is headquartered in Toronto, Canada. In June 2009 the company announced it would cease operations and sell all its business units.

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In 1895, Bell Telephone Company of Canada decided to privatize one of its product divisions built phones for sale to other companies as well as other devices such as fire alarms or equipment anti alarm installed on the street to contact the police or the fire.

The company was formed under the name of Northern Electric and Manufacturing Company Limited. In 1900 the company began production of his first gramophone (model wind-up), which could play vinyl records. In 1913 the company established its headquarters and main factory in Montreal and in 1914 the company merged with Imperial Electric to make way for Northern Electric, co-owned Bell Canada and the American company Western Electric. At the end of the First World War, the company was the largest distributor of Western Electric in Canada.

In 1922 Northern Electric began producing radios. In 1928 he produced the necessary technique for what would be the first movie theater with audio of the British Empire . AT & T / Western Electric was forced to sell its stake in the company of Bell Canada in 1949 because of a lawsuit by the competition. That’s when Nortel began to develop its own products. In 1953 built the first television picture tubes from the company RCA. In 1966 the development department, Bell Northern Research (BNR), began investigating the possible applications of fiber glass. This led in 1969 to work on the digitization of telecommunications.

In 1976 the company was renamed Northern Telecom Limited and in 1995 to mark the centenary of the company, it was renamed back to Nortel. In 1998 he changed the name of the company once more at Nortel Networks after the acquisition of the company Bay Networks. The company was then redirected toward the Internet and its infrastructure: communication, Kommunikation, multiprotocol services and private global networks. Another area of importance would be the area of mobile telephony with the necessary infrastructure for GSM and UMTS. In 2004 Nortel returned to its previous name, Nortel. Due to a series of irregularities in the bilanza, Nortel had to redistribute some of the profit from 2003 to 2001 and 2002 (redunciéndose then the losses of those years).

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